accidental Ascendant From Evangeline Adams' horary technique in which an
Ascendant is determined according to the time and date of the questions, and the
querent's natal horoscope is rotated according to this new or accidental
Ascendant in order to make horary deductions from the natal chart.
accidental dignity A planet that occupies its house of natural rulership or falls within
5° of an angle is said to be accidentally dignified. The term is also applied to
planets in angular houses and to the most elevated planets in a horoscope.
See also elevated planets, dignity.
acronical place From the Greek akronychos, at sunset. The position occupied by a
planet when it is opposite the Sun.
adjusted calculation date The day on which the planetary position shown in an
Ephemeris coincide with the progressed positions of the planets. The adjusted
calculation date (also called the artificial birthday) remains the same from
year to year.
Sixth symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology.
advantage, line of An imaginary axis that connects the third decan of the third and ninth
houses. The Moon's North Node east of this axis is thought to be in a favorable
or advantageous position.
A mutual attraction or innate congeniality.
affliction A term from traditional astrology used to describe adverse aspects,
especially those formed by malefics.
age, astrological (great month) A period of about 2,150 years, or one-twelfth of the Great
Year of approximately 25,800 years. It represents the time required for the
vernal equinox to retrograde through the thirty-degree arc of one constellation.
According to many astrologers, the Earth is now moving from the Piscean Age into
the Aquarian Age.
air signs Gemini, Libra and Aquarius, traditionally associated with the air
element and members of the air triplicity. These signs indicate free-flowing
expression of areas of communication ant the intellect.
Akashic records The memory of nature. Akashic is a Sanskrit term referring to the
etheric substratum of the universe. A permanent record of every event, sound,
sight, or thought that has occurred during the history of creation is stamped
upon this electro-spiritual substance.
From the Greek, literally destroyer. Applied to a malefic that occupies
an anaretic place and afflicts the Hyleg; believed by ancients to be
anaretic place the final degree (between 29° and 30°) of any sign, also called the
degree of fate. Planets and house cusps that occupy anaretic degrees indicate
fundamental issues with which one must deal.
Anaxagoras Greek 500-428 B.C., studied in Egypt and thought the Sun went under a
flat Earth each night.
angles The Ascendant, Descendant, Midheaven and Imum Coeli; the four cardinal
points in a horoscope.
angular houses The first, fourth, seventh and tenth houses. In a quadrant system
(unequal house), the angles form the cusps of these houses. The experiential
focus of these house is initiatory and dynamic. They are also referred to as
cardinal house because they are ruled naturally by cardinal signs and express
Animoder of Tetrabiblos A method of birth time rectification, now obsolete,
presented by Ptolemy. Sometimes refered to as the Sunrise
antipathy Inharmonious relations between planets, which rule or are exalted in
opposite signs. Also, conflict between the natal horoscope of two people
corresponding with the aversion they feel for each other.
From the Greek, literally shadows on the other side, opposite shadows;
mirror or reflection points. A degree and its antiscion are equidistant from a
particular reference point such as the MC-IC or summer-winter solstice axis. The
use of antiscia is common to Uranian Astrology.
aphelion The point in a planet's orbit that is most distant from the
also Alpheta Literally, the giver of life; A well aspected benefic that
occupies an aphetic (hylegiacal) place in the horoscope, said to have
life-preserving qualities. Afflictions to the Apheta were believed by ancients
to reduce vitality and endanger life. Synonymous with Hyleg, Apheta was called
Almochoden or Alcohoden by ancient Arabic astrologers.
aphetic places, alphetical
places Those parts of a horoscope from 5°
above the Ascendant to 25° below, from 5° below the Descendant to 25° above, and
from 5° preceding the ninth house cusp to the middle of the eleventh house.
Benefics that occupy these areas are said to be life supportive. Also called
The point in a planet's orbit that is most distant from Earth.
The fifth symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology.
apparent motion The motion of a heavenly body as seen from earth. Thus, people refer to
"Sunrise" when, in fact, it is the Earth which moves. Planet seem to rise over
the Ascendant although they are actually traveling in the opposite direction
around the Sun.
applying aspect One in which the significator (the faster moving of two planets
involved) is moving toward partile (exactness) as opposed to a separating aspect
in which the significator is moving away from partile.
approaching aspect An aspect in which the significator is moving toward the promittor in
natural order of the zodiac (direction from significator to promittor is
counterclockwise in a natal horoscope). An approaching aspect is thought to have
an outward, socially-oriented significance as opposed to a departing
Aquarian Age The Great Year that begins around the turn of the twenty-first century
and lasts for two thousand years. Universal developments of an Aquarian nature
are expected to take place during this era.
Arabian Parts Developed during the Middle Ages in Arabia, each part derived from
three points in a horoscope, indicates a sensitive point that relates the three
astrology, the curved path of a stellar body and the angular measurement of this
articulate signs Signs that symbolize speaking facility, namely Gemini, Virgo, Libra,
Sagittarius and Aquarius.
artificial birthday See adjusted calculation date.
The degree of the zodiac rising over the eastern horizon of the birthplace at
the moment of birth. This degree forms the first house cusp of a horoscope and
is of great personal significance in the character and life of the
ascending node The zodiacal point at which a planet crosses the ecliptic from south to
north. Also called the north node.
ascending planet Any planet in the eastern section of a horoscope is ascending, i.e.,
moving toward the Midheaven. The term is usually reserved for those planets in
the fourth quadrant (rising from Ascendant to Midheaven).
(long and short) Due to the obliquity of the ecliptic, some sings rise over
the horizon faster than others. Signs of long ascension require more time to
rise than signs of short ascension. In the northern hemisphere, the signs of
long ascension are Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius. South of
the equator, these are signs of short ascension.
The angular relationship between two planets or a planet and angle or sensitive
point. Zodiacal aspects are based upon zodiacal longitude; parallels and
contraparallels are based on declination, the position of points of interest
relative to the celestial equator. Zodiacal aspects are also called
aspect pattern Particular combinations of aspects that form special planetary
Assurbanipal (669-625 B.C.) King of Assyria. Astrological records found in tablets
that once formed part of his library. It is stated by Diodorus Siculus (time of
Cæsar and Augustus) that the Babylonian priests observed the position of certain
stars in order to cast horoscopes, and that they interpreted dreams and derived
omens from the movements of birds and from eclipses and earthquakes.
Small planets (planetoids) or pieces of planets, most of which are found in the
Asteroid Belt, that part of space between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
Astrological researchers are currently interested in five asteroids: Ceres,
Juno, Pallas (Pallas Athena), Vesta and the recently descovered (1977)
astral twins, astro-twins Two persons who may be unrelated and born at different
times and in different places whose horoscopes are very nearly alike. This term
is sometimes applied to persons whose Sun, Moon and Ascendant coincide zodically
even though other planets occupy different positions in the two
astroanalyst The astrological equivalent of a psychoanalyst.
An ancient instrument employed for measuring the angular position of Sun and
stars, used also to project the celestial sphere on the plane of the
astrologer One who practices astrology; a professional spook. Syn. weirdo;
astrologian One who teaches astrology.
astrologist A non-professional who believes in or studies but does not necessarily
astrology The science of relationships as measured by correlations between the
movements of celestial bodies and circumstances and events on earth. The art of
interpreting the meanings of these relationships. Astrology is a "soft science"
which deals with subjective states of mind as well as with objective facts. Some
branches of astrology are : electional, esoteric, genethliacal, horary, medical,
meteorological, and mundane.
term applied by the ancients to the Moon when it forms an exact conjunction,
semi-square, square, quincunx or opposition with the Sun or is separated from
the sun by 12° or 160°.
subtle quality or atmosphere emanating form a living being, object, or
From the Hindu ayana, the arc that describes the increasing gap between
the tropical and sidereal zodiacs. The ayanamsa, which changes continually at
the rate of approximately 50" a year, is currently about 24°. To convert
tropical measurements (based upon the Sun's Aries ingress) to sidereal
measurements (based upon constellations, fixed stars) the appropriate ayanamsa
is subtracted from the tropical position.
balsamic Moon The Moon less than 45° behind the natal Sun according to natural
zodiacal order. A natal balsamic Moon is associated with one's commitment to
barren signs Gemini, Leo and Virgo, traditionally associated with infertility.
Aries, Sagittarius and Aquarius are considered semi-barren.
benefic Said of planets and aspects considered to be positive or helpful
influences. Traditionally, Jupiter is the Greater Benefic and Venus is the
Lesser Benefic; the Sun, Moon and Mercury are moderately benefic. All harmonious
aspects are benific.
Berossos (280 B.C.) Babylonian. a priest of Baal. He founded a school of
astrology on the Island of Cos.
beseiged Said of a planet placed between two malefics. Energies of a beseiged
planet are thought to be restricted.
bestial signs Aries, Taurus, Leo and Capricorn; so designated because they are
symbolized traditionally as animals. Also called quadrupedian (four-footed) and
inarticulate (animals have voices but lack the power of speech). Speech
impediments and superfluous body hair are associated with these
bicorporeal signs Gemini, Sagittarius and Pisces. Also called double-bodied and double
signs, they are associated with twins and dual experiences.
bi-quintile A minor benefic aspect, separating distance 144°, based on the fifth
harmonic (multiples of 72°, a quintile, which is 1/5 of 360°).
The moment of first breath of a new born.
bi-septile A minor hard aspect, separating distance roughly 103° (102° 51' 26"),
based on the seventh harmonic (multiples of a septile, 51 1/7°, which is 1/7 of
of the seven horoscope patterns identified by the late Marc Edmund Jones
according to the picture formed by planetary distribution in a horoscope. All
ten planets placed in approximately one-half of a horoscope indicate the Bowl.
Interpretation focuses on self-containment directed toward the area of horoscope
The planetary arrangement formed by nine planets occupying approximately
one-half of a horoscope with one planet roughly opposing the group that is a
focal point of action (bucket handle) for planetary energies. Identified by the
late Marc Edmund Jones.
According to the late Marc Edmund Jones, a tightly-packed planetary arrangement
in which all ten planets are confined in a horoscope to the space of a trine
(120°). The Bundle is descriptive of narrowness, uniqueness, specialization in
the area of horoscope occupation.
cadent houses From the Latin cadere, to fall; houses three, six, nine and
twelve fall behind angular houses. Ruled naturally by mutable signs (Gemini,
Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces, respectively), they are also called mutable
houses. The experiential mode of activity of these houses is naturally
dispersive, adaptive and versatile, which may not be the reality depending upon
the sings and planets in the horoscope that influence them.
Thirteenth century astrologer and mathematician who devised the house system
that bears his name, which divides the prime vertical into equal 30°
Caput Draconis From the Latin, literally dragon's head; an older term for the
Moon's North Node.
cardinal signs Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn, which fall naturally at the
cardinal points in a horoscope; east, north, west, and south, respectively,
points indicated by the angles. Cardinal signs are associated naturally with the
angular (cardinal) houses; the first, fourth, seventh, and tenth. Interpretation
focuses on initiatory, active, dynamic qualities. Less commonly referred to as
the movable signs
cataclysmic planet Uranus, which combines both magnetic and electric qualities
and thus produces sudden upheavals.
Cauda Draconis From the Latin, literally dragon's tail; synonymous with the
Moon's south node.
cazimi, also casimi From the Arabic center of the solar disc. A
planet that forms a conjunction with the Sun within 30' of partile is said to be
cazimi, literally "burnt up" by the Sun. The Sun, representing the ego, engulfs
the energies of a cazimi planet.
celestial equator The extension of Earth's equator into space, perpendicular to Earth's
celestial sphere The conceptualization of the infinite heavens as a sphere revolving
around Earth, based upon the part of the skies visible from a point on
first asteroid to be discovered (1801), named after the Roman goddess of
agriculture. Ceres is thought to indicate productive areas in a natal
The most recently discovered asteroid of astrological interest, discovered by
astronomer Charles Kowal, Hale Observatories, in 1977.
climacterial periods Years in life, which are multiples of seven or nine based
on the Moon's progression and Saturn's transiting cycle. The progressed Moon
squares its natal position approximately every seven years and trines it every
nine. Transiting Saturn follows a similar cycle relative to its natal position.
Thus, climacterial periods are ages seven, nine, fourteen, eighteen, etc.
Primary climacterial periods are the forty-ninth, sixty-third, and eighty-first
years (doubly climacterial: 7 x 7, 7 x 9, 9 x 9). The sixty-third year is known
as the Grand Climacteric and, if aspects in the natal horoscope confirm, is
considered a year when life may be endangered.
planet that forms a conjunction with the Sun within orb of between 31' to 3° is
said to be combust. The energy of a combust planet is integrated with that of
the Sun in such a way that the planet does not operate independently.
comet From the Latin cometa, literally hair of the head,
figuratively, tail of a comet. A bright star-like heavenly body, composed
of masses of tiny particles and gases, which follows an eccentric orbit of the
Sun that for some comets can take thousands of years to complete. Most comets
form luminous "tails", bits of meteroic material and gases that stream off into
space, when they near the Sun.
common signs Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, and Pisces, synonymous with mutable signs.
See also mutable signs.
composite chart A single horoscope made up from two or more natal charts by averaging
house cusps and planetary positions of the natal charts. A composite chart gives
insight into the relationship that exists between the persons whose natal charts
conjunction The aspect formed when two planets occupy position close together in
the zodiac, usually within 8° orb; the first harmonic.
consciousness Any entity's innate capacity for relationships. The sentient principle
in all substance. The soul of the universe.
constellation From the Latin constellation, set with stars. A group of fixed
contraparallel The angular relationship between two planets that occupy the same
degree (within 1° orb) and opposite direction of declination, one north of the
celestial equator and the other south. Interpretational focus is similar to that
of an opposition but less forceful. See also declination.
converse Measurements, which follow the reverse order of the natural zodiac, used
primarily to direct or progress a horoscope backward in time. Converse
directions are interpreted by some astrologers as relating to the year after
birth that corresponds to the year before birth for with they are calculated.
Others believe that converse directions reveal karmic and inherited
psychological needs that relate to the corresponding progressed
Copernicus An astronomer born in Polish Prussia credited with developing the theory
(sixteenth century) that Earth is a moving planet that revolves around the Sun,
a contradiction to Ptolemy's theory (second century) that the Earth is the
center of the universe and fixed in space. In his book, Concerning the
revolutions of the Celestial Sphere (1543), Copernicus discussed apparent
motions of heavenly bodies as observed from Earth in relation to actual
Prior to the discovery of Uranus, the Sun and Moon were believed to rule one
sign each and the other five planets then known to humankind (Mercury through
Saturn) to rule two signs each. When the three outermost planets were
discovered, they became co-rulers of the signs Aquarius (Uranus), Pisces
(Neptune) and Scorpio (Pluto), along with the traditional rulers, Saturn,
Jupiter, and Mars respectively. Modern studies seem to indicate that the new
co-rulers are primary rulers of the signs with which they are associated and may
be sole rulers, in which case, two other planets, one linked to Libra (or
Taurus) and the other to Virgo, may await discovery, thus eliminating dual
co-rulership of a house is shared by planets that rule the sign on
the cusp and any sign intercepted within the house and planets occupying that
cosmecology (cosmic ecology) The science that considers Earth in its relationship to
cosmic cross An old term for a T-square, sometimes applied to a grand square (grand
cosmobiology an astrological system developed by Reinhold Ebertin (Germany,
twentieth century) that emphasized midpoints and the following hard aspects:
semi-square, square, sesquiquadrate and opposition. The angles are inserted in a
cosmogram (Ebertin's term for his type of horoscope), to show the quadrature of
the chart; houses are not used.
critical degree 0°, 13°, and 26° in cardinal signs (Aries, Cancer, Libra and
Capricorn), 9° and 21° in fixed signs (Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius), 4°
and 17° in mutable signs (Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces). These degrees,
based on the Hindu technique of Lunar Mansions (subdivisions of the zodiac
according to the Moon's average daily motion, approximately 13°), are thought to
strengthen the influence of planets, angles or sensitive points that occupy
culmination A term used to describe a planet's arrival at the Midheaven (natally or
by progression or transit); also used to indicate the completion of an aspect by
progression, i.e., when a platic aspect reaches partile, it
The first symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also Uranian
cusp, cusp line The line that separates the house and indicates the beginning of a
house. See also house cusp.
planet's zodiacal period; the time it takes a planet to make on complete transit
(revolution) of a horoscope.
daylight saving time The practice of advaning the clock one hour in the spring
of the year. Significant in the erection of natal charts as it requires that one
hour be subjected from the standard time when daylight saving time is in
debilitated, debility a term applied to a planet that occupies its sign of
detriment or fall.
decan, decanate Based on the subdivision of a sign into three parts of 10° each. Each
decan of a sign expresses subtle differences that distinguish it from the other
two decans as described by its planetary sub-ruler, which operates in
conjunction with the natural planetary ruler of the sign. The first decan of a
sign (0° to 10°) is sub-ruled by the natural ruler of the sign; the second decan
(10° to 20°) is sub-ruled by the ruler of the next sign in the zodiac that
belongs to the same triplicity; the third decan (20° to 30°) is sub-ruled by the
ruler of the remaining sign in that triplicity.
An older (Chaldean) method of
assigning decan sub-rulers is based upon the rulers of Planetary Hours beginning
with Mars as ruler and sub-ruler of the first decan of Aries and continuing the
natural order of Planetary Hours' rulers through each successive decan,
repeating as necessary until the zodiac is completed.
mildly benefic aspect with a separation of 36°, also called a semi-quintile; the
declination The term that describes the distance in degrees a planet lies north or
south of the celestial equator. The maximum declination of the Sun is reached at
the Tropic of Cancer (north declination) and Tropic of Capricorn (south),
23°27'. Planets that occupy the same degree and direction of declination are
parallel; those that occupy the same numerical degree but lie in opposite
directions relative to the celestial equator are in contaparallel.
decreasing in light Term applied to the waning Moon as its image (as observed
from Earth) decreases from the full to the new Moon.
departing aspect An aspect in which the direction from significator to promittor is
backward in the zodiac (clockwise in a horoscope). A departing aspect is given a
subjective and, esoterically, a fatalistic connotation.
derivative house A system that describes the affairs of a house as they relate to
another, assuming that one of the houses of interest is the first. For example,
the second house to the third, actually the fourth house in the natal chart,
describes financial affairs (a second house matter) of the brothers and sisters
(a third house matter). The fourth house, which rules family interests, also
represents the partner's career and reputation since it is the tenth from the
seventh, which is associated with one's business or marital partner.
Descendant Point opposite the Ascendant and cusp of the seventh house; it
describes one's interreation with others.
detriment Said of a planet that occupies the sign opposite its sign of natural
rulership (dignity). a planet in detriment is thought to be at
dexter aspect From the Latin to the right. An old term now replaced by
approaching aspect. See also approaching aspect.
The sign that a planet rules naturally is its sign of dignity. A planet is
essentially dignified when it occupies its natural sign of dignity or its sign
of exaltation; it is accidentally dignified when placed in its natural house. It
is in domal dignity when in its own sign.
direct motion Motion that follows the natural order of signs. Proceeding in the order
of the signs. In the Ephemeris, the beginning of direct motion after a period of
retrograde motion, is marked by the letter D.
directions A term synonymous with progression. See Progressions.
Another name for the quincunx aspect. See quincunx.
dispositor The planet that rules the sign another planet occupies. For example,
Mercury in Taurus is disposited by Venus, the natural planetary ruler of Taurus.
A dispositor influences the action of the planet it disposits.
dissociate aspect An aspect within orb but out of sign. For example, a conjunction
between a planet in 29° Capricorn and one in 0° Aquarius is within 1° orb but
not in the same sign; therefore, it is a dissociate conjunction. A trine between
a planet in 27° Aries and one in 2° Virgo is within 5° orb but the two planets
are not in the same triplicity; the trine is dissociate. Dissociation disperses
and thus weakens the strength or focus of an aspect.
From the Latin diurnus, daily. Refers to the southern (upper) hemisphere
of a horoscope, the "day" section of a horoscope, that part of the heavens that
appears above the Earth's horizon.
diurnal arc The time expressed in right ascension that it takes a planet or degree
of the zodiac to move from its rising point on the horizon to its setting
diurnal signs Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces, signs
whose natural positions are in the diurnal or southern hemisphere of a
domal dignity See dignity.
double signs, double-bodied
signs Synonymous with bicorporeal signs;
Gemini, Sagittarius, and Pisces. See also bicorporeal signs.
dragon's head An ancient term for the Moon's North Node, derived from the Latin
dragon's tail An ancient term for the Moon's South Node, derived fro the
Latin cauda draconis.
duad, dwadasama, also
dwadachamsha A twelve-fold subdivision
of the signs(each composed of 2 1/2°) developed by Hindu astrologers. The first
duad of each sign is sub-ruled by the natural planetary ruler of the sign; the
second duad is sub-ruled by the ruler of next sign in the zodiac and so on.
These "signs within a sign," by virtue of their planetary rulers, account for
subtle shadings of expression found in different degrees of the same
earth signs Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn, which belong to the earth triplicity,
symbolizing "earth" qualities such as stability, solidarity and
East Point The equatorial Ascendant; i.e., the sign and degree rising over the
eastern horizon at Earth's equator at any given time; the point at which Earth's
equator intersects the ecliptic.
easy aspect See harmonious aspects.
eclipse An occultation, commonly used in reference to a darkening of the Sun or
Moon. Solar eclipses occur at the times of those new Moons when the Moon, Sun
and Earth are aligned so that the Moon blocks the Sun (totally or partially)
from Earth's view. Lunar eclipses occur at certain full Moons during which the
Sun, Earth and Moon are so aligned that Earth blocks the Sun's light from the
Moon, and the Moon is invisible to earthlings.
The apparent path of the Sun as it "travels" around Earth during the course of a
year; actually, Earth's orbit around the Sun.
electional astrology, elections A system by which one determines the most advantageous
time to carry out a specific action (marriage, travel, business) by first
erecting a suitable horoscope and working "backward" to calculate the time that
is appropriate to the chosen horoscope.
elements Ancients believed that the universe consisted of four primary elements,
air, earth, fire and water from which the triplicities (also called elements), a
four-fold division of the zodiac, are derived. Signs belonging to the same
triplicity exhibit similar qualities symbolized by the element with which they
elevated planet A planet placed high in a horoscope. The most elevated is the planet
closest to the Midheaven; it is considered strong by position and accidentally
elongation The distance of a planet from the Sun, as viewed from Earth. The
maximum elongation for the inferior planets is 28° for Mercury, and 48° for
Venus. Mercury can therefore only form a conjunction and semi-sextile to the
Sun; Venus can onlly form a conjunction, semi-sextile, or semi-square to the
Sun. Aphelion is the maximum elongation of a planet, while
perihelion is the minimum elongation of a planet. See also
embolism lunation The Moon's position when the natal lunar phase angle (relative position
between Moon and sun in a natal horoscope) is repeated. it is believed that
women can conceive during the time each month that the natal lunar phase angle
(plural: ephemerides) An almanac that lists the zodiacal positions of the
planets and other astronomical data.
Equal House horoscope One in
which twelve equal houses are derived by taking successive arcs of 30° each,
beginning with the Ascendant and completing the zodiac circle. An alternate
method bases the house cusps on the Midheaven rather than the
equator The plane perpendicular to Earth's polar axis, which divides Earth into
two hemispheres, north and south. The extension of this plane into space forms
the celestial equator.
equatorial arcs A method of progressing house cusps, based upon the Earth's rotation,
in which one year of life corresponds to the passage of 1° right ascension over
the meridian, approximately four minutes of time. This method, little used in
modern times, is called primary directions (progressions) to distinguish it from
secondary progressions, the "day for a year" system of progressing a natal
equinox From the Latin aequinoctium, equal night; occurs when the center
of the Sun is directly over Earth's equator. the Sun crosses the equator twice
each year, once at the vernal equinox when it enters 0° Aries and again at the
autumnal equinox when it enters 0° Libra. The days and nights are of equal
duration all over the world on equinoctial dates. The vernal equinox occurs on
the first day of spring, the autumnal equinox on the first day of
esoteric astrology A study that deals with the human spirit and hidden nature as opposed
to exoteric astrology, which deals with human characteristics and life on Earth.
Reincarnation, karma, the aura, one's reason for being and the part human life
plays in the ultimate scheme of the cosmic, universal or spiritual are among
topics investigated in terms of astrological symbolism.
essential dignity A planet's sign of natural rulership or exaltation. See also
event chart A horoscope drawn up according to the date, time and location of a
particular happening, interpreted to gain insight into influences surrounding
the event and an outlook for possible developments stemming from that
The term used to describe a planet that is placed in its sign of exaltation, the
sign, other than its one of dignity (natural rulership), in which it functions
most smoothly because of the harmonious relationship between planet and
exoteric astrology any branch of astrology that studies observable events and
characteristics such as natal astrology, mundane astrology, etc., as
distinguished from esoteric astrology, which studies the unknown or occult
aspects of humanity.
extra-Saturnian planets The three planets not visible to the naked eye that orbit
outside the planet Sauturn, namely: Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
obsolete term meaning the division of each sign into six equal parts of 5°
sign opposite a planet's sign of exaltation; a planet in "fall" is debilitated
familiarity Any kind of aspect or reception between two planets.
feminine signs Earth and water signs. Feminine characteristics do not refer to sex or
gender; they are associated with receptivity. Synonymous with negative
fertile signs See fertility.
A classification of the signs based on their susposed productivity.
Fertile signs, Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces are said to be good for planting
when occupied by the Moon, and are indicators of offspring when occupying the
cusps of the fifth or eleventh houses. Semi-fertile or moderately
fruitful signs are Taurus, Libra, and Capricorn. Barren or sterile are
Aries, Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Sagittarius, and Aquarius. The barren signs are good
for cultivation when occupied by the Moon, and are indicators of not having
children when occupying the cusps of the fifth or eleventh houses.
Finger of God An ambiguous term used variously to indicate the handle in a bucket
formation or the yod, a configuration consisting of two planets in sextile and
each quincunx to the same third planet. the yod is associated with karma. See
also shaping, yod.
fire signs Aries, Leo and Sagittarius, signs which belong to the fire triplicity,
associated with the element, fire. Fire signs symbolize fiery characteristics
(ardor, spirit, spontaneity).
fixed signs Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius, which are related to a fixed or
stable mode of expression. Fixed signs are associated naturally with succedent
houses: the second, fifth, eighth and eleventh respectively.
fixed stars Stars which, because of their great distance from Earth, appear to be
motionless or fixed in space although in actuality they are not.
flat chart Alternate term for natural chart. See natural chart.
focal point Any point in a horoscope where several influences converge or disperse,
such as the position of the squared planet in a T-square formation, the action
point in a yod, the handle of a bucket, etc. See also
From the Latin fortuna, fortune. Interchangeable with Part of
Another term for the benific planets. See benefic.
fruitful signs The water signs: Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces, which are associated with
frustration An alternate term for Abscission. See abscission.
That point in the lunar cycle when the Moon exactly opposes the Sun; begins the
One of the billions of huge cosmic systems, each composed of innumerable stars,
planets, etc. Members of a galaxy revolve as a unit around a common point in
space. Our solar system is part of the Milky Way galaxy.
genethliacal astrology An old term for natal astrology. See also natal
geniture From the Latin, birth or origin; used in astrology to refer to a
birth or a natal horoscope. See also natal astrology.
geocentric Measured or viewed in relation to Earth as the reference or observation
point; Earth-centered measurements.
gibbous Moon The Moon approaching the full Moon, more than 135° and less than 180°
ahead of the Sun. A natal gibbous Moon indicates that self-analysis is an
important factor in motivation.
grand cross, grand square An aspect configuration in which four planets, each in a
different sign of the same quadruplicity, form mutual squares. Much tension is
generated among planets forming this pattern. If signs are mixed (aspects within
orb but not in signs of the same quadruplicity), the impact associated with a
grand square is somewhat diminished.
grand trine The aspect pattern formed when three planets, each in a different sign
of the same triplicity (air, earth, fire or water), trine each other. A grand
trine permits smooth flow of energies among the planets involved in accordance
with the triplicity occupied. A dissociate grand trine, one in which the three
planets fall within orb to form mutual trines but do not occupy the same
triplicity, supplements ease of planetary expression but lacks the cohesiveness
of a grand trine formed between planets occupying one triplicity.
great circle A circle described on the surface of a sphere (Earth, for example) so
that its plane passes through the center of the sphere.
Great Year The astrological ear based on the time it takes Earth's axis to complete
on revolution around the pole of the ecliptic, about twenty-five thousand years.
A Great Year is divided into twelve "months" of about two thousand years
duration. See also Precession.
Greater Benefic A term reserved for the planet Jupiter which, according to ancient
beliefs, was responsible for life's greatest blessings.
Greater Malefic A term applied to Saturn, the planet ancients believed to generate the
evils in life.
Gregorian calendar The calendar now used internationally, devised by Pope Gregory in the
1580s to replace the Julian calendar, which by then had accumulated a ten-day
discrepancy with the solar year. Most, but not all, countries accepted the
Pope's calendar by the 1700s (Great Britain, 1752). Russia did not change until
1918 and Turkey in 1928. Astrologers working with older dates should determine
whether they are based on the Julian calendar, designated Old Style or OS, or on
the Gregorian calendar, designated New Style or NS.
second symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also Uranian
Halley's Comet Named for the English astronomer, Edmund Halley, who correctly
predicted, in 1682, the comet's return in 1759. One of the most brilliant comets
viewed from Earth, it reappears approximately every seventy-seven
an alternate term for mid-point, the point in the zodiac that lies exactly
midway between two planets.
hard aspects Aspects that stimulate action or tension and induce motivation. All
hard aspects are disharmonious to some extent except the conjunction and
parallel, whose influence depends largely upon the natures of the planets
involved; that is, planetary energies do not merge smoothly when two planets
form a hard aspect such as the semi-square, square, opposition or
harmonics The term for zodiacal aspects that describe the energy levels or
vibrational frequencies associated with aspects. An aspect, derived from the
division of a circle (360°) by a whole number, and its multiples share the same
frequency and therefore operate at similar energy levels. For example, division
of 360° by four yields 90°, a square. The square is a fourth harmonic aspect as
are its multiple, 180° (opposition) and 270°. Several harmonics may merge in a
single aspect. The square is a multiple of the semi-square (45°), an eighth
harmonic aspect; the square's primary harmonic is four (sometimes written 1/4)
and its sub-harmonic is eight (2/8, second of the eighth harmonic). The
opposition's primary harmonic is two (1/2 x 360°= 180°); its sub-harmonics are
four (2/4, second in the series of fourth harmonics), six (3/6, third of the
sixth harmonic), eight (4/8, fourth of the eighth harmonic), etc.
harmonious aspect Aspects in which the planets involved are mutually supportive; their
energies operate together comfortably and productively. The sextile and trine
are major harmonious aspects; also called easy aspects.
heavy planets A term used to refer to the slower-moving whose influece is considered
more serious ("heavier") than the other planets. They are: Jupiter, Saturn,
Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
heliocentric Measurements based upon the Sun as the central point of reference or
Herschel The original name for the planet Uranus, which was discovered in 1781 by
the British astronomer Sir William Herschel.
higher octave planets The three outermost planets, which symbolize the higher or
spiritual level of expression in contrast to the lower or physical level
symbolized by the inner planets with which they are linked. Uranus, the higher
octave of Mercury, objective intellectualism. Neptune, linked to Venus,
expresses spiritual love; Pluto, the higher octave of Mars, is associated with
spiritual evolvement; Mars with physical development.
horary astrology Derived from the Latin hora, hour. The branch of astrology
devoted to answering specific question by means of a horoscope drawn up for the
time a question is asked.
horizon The visible juncture of Earth and the sky, represented in a horoscope by
the Ascendant-Descendant axis.
of the twelve mathematically derived sections (houses) of a horoscope, each of
which represents a particular area of life. The size of a house and the zodiacal
degree that appears on its cusp depend upon the house system used.
house cusp The zodiacal degree at which a house begins.
Houses, Table of A reference book that lists house cusps according to the local sidereal
time and location of birth. A table is applicable to the particular house system
for which it is devised.
human signs Signs that exhibit human qualities such as sparse body hair: Gemini,
Virgo, the first 15° of Sagittarius and Aquarius. Some authorities include Libra
and all of Sagittarius in this group, thereby equating articulate with human
signs. See also articulate signs.
humanistic astrology Person-centered astrology as opposed to
Hyleg Interchangeable with Apheta. See Apheta.
hylegiacal place Synonymous with aphetic places. See aphetic places.
Imum Coeli From the Latin, literally bottom of the heavens; the zodiacal
point opposite the Medium Coeli (Midheaven, MC). The Imum Coeli is one of the
angles and forms the fourth house cusp in an unequal house system. Abbreviated
inarticulate signs Aries, Taurus, Leo and Capricorn, signs pictured as animals that have
voices but lack the power of speech, symbolizing an inability to communicate.
See also bestial signs, quadrupedian signs.
inconjunct A minor hard aspect, 150°, synonymous with quincunx. See
increasing light Term applied to the waxing Moon as it moves from the position of new
Moon to full Moon and the visible portion grows larger.
individual houses Houses one, five and nine, all ruled by natural fire signs. The common
function of these houses is oriented toward the self. As a group, they form the
Trinity of Life.
inferior planets Venus and Mercury, so called because their orbits are smaller (closer
to the Sun) than Earth's.
infortunes Another term for malefics. See malefic.
ingress signs The equinoctial (Aries and Libra) and solsticial signs (Cancer and
Capricorn), the cardinal signs that coincide with the beginning of the seasons
each year. These signs symbolize beginnings and initiatory action in a
horoscope. See also cardinal signs.
inharmonious aspects Aspects in which planetary energies do not combine
smoothly, mainly the semi-square, square, sesquiquadrate, quincunx, and
opposition; also called difficult aspects. See also hard
inner planets The Sun and those planets whose orbits lie between the Sun and Asteroid
Belt, namely Mercury, Venus, Moon and Mars. Alternatively termed minor
intercepted sign A sign that does not appear on a house cusp but is wholly contained
within a house.
third asteroid discovered in the early 1800s named after the Roman goddess,
Juno, wife of Jupiter; associated with marriage.
end result of the law of cause and effect in relation to the totality of one's
actions in one of the successive states of existence, viewed as a preparatory
phase for the next state.
Kepler, Johannes One of the founders of modern astronomy who discovered the three basic
laws of planetary motion, among them that planetary orbits are elliptical. He
introduced several minor aspects including the bi-quintile (144°), tredecile
(108°), quintile (fifth harmonic, 72°), decile or semi-quintile (36°),
quindecile (24°), and the semidecile or vigintile (18°).
Key Cycle Sidney K. Bennett's system of solar returns, published under the
pseudonym of Wynn; his system accounts for the one-quarter-day difference
between a calendar year and a natural year.
Koch, Dr. Walter The
German astrologer who developed the Koch or Birthplace system of
The fourth symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also Uranian
lame degrees See mutilated degrees.
latitude, celestial Angular distance measured north or south of the plane of
latitude, geographic Angular distance measured on Earth north or south of the
Leo, Alan (Allen, William
Frederick) (1860-1917) Known
professionally as Alan Leo, a dedicated English astrologer and prolific writer
who is credited as the father of modern astrology.
light collection A term used in horary astrology to describe developments when two
planets not in aspect (strangers) both apply to a third, slower planet that
"collects their light" (unites their energies), symbolically establishing a
relationship between the two.
old term for the Sun and Moon; the Sun is the Greater Light, the Moon the Lesser
Believed to be Earth's second satellite, the dark Moon, Lilith symbolizes the
mysterious, seductive, sinister side of woman's nature in contrast to the
nurturing, caring, sensitive feminine qualities associated with the Moon.
Although actual sightings have not taken place, observers claim that Lilith's
shadow can be noted at six-month intervals, and ephemerides for this satellite
have been constructed. Its mean daily motion is 3°2'; its position on January 1,
1980 was listed as 20°33' Capricorn.
Local Mean Time The actual time in a given location based upon the Sun's position at
the Midheaven (noon) of the place. Abbreviated LMT; also called True Local Time
locational astrology The practice of casting a horoscope for the place in which
a person resides, or would like to reside, rather than the place of birth. This
system is often used to determine the location likely to prove most congenial to
a particular individual.
Locomotive One of the seven shaping arrangements identified by Marc Edmund Jones
consisting of all ten planets placed within the space of two consecutive trines
(240°). The planet that leads the group clockwise symbolizes motivation; the
house that it occupies shows direction of motivation.
From the Latin logarithmus, literally mathematical proportion or ratio.
First devised in 1614 by the Scottish mathematician John Napier who reduced
complicated multiplication and division of numbers to the simpler operations of
adding or subtracting their exponents (logarithms, abbreviated logs). Diurnal
proportional logs, used in astrological calculations, are based upon the ration
between hours or degrees and minutes (1/60) and can be adapted to problems
involving minutes and seconds of time or arc because the same ratio exists
between the two smaller units as between the larger units (hours to minutes of
time or degrees to minutes of arc display the same ratio as minutes to seconds
or arc or minutes to seconds of time).
long ascension A term applied to Cancer, leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and Sagittarius
because they take longer to rise over the horizon than do the other six signs
due to Earth's tilt relative to the ecliptic. See also short
longitude, celestial The distance in degrees (arc) from 0° Aries eastward to
any given point that intersects the ecliptic. Celestial longitude is measured
from 0° to 360°. For example, 10° Taurus is expressed astronomically as
longitude, geographical or
terrestrial The distance in arc a given
point on Earth lies east or west of the prime meridian, which passes through
Greenwich, England (0° longitude). Geographical longitude is measured from 0° to
180°. See also prime meridian.
longitude, zodiacal The position of a given point along the ecliptic expressed
in terms of the zodiac.
antiquated term synonymous with planetary ruler.
lower octave planets Mercury, whose higher octave is Uranus; Venus, whose
higher octave is Neptune; and Mars, whose higher octave is Pluto. Lower octave
planets are associated with a lower or physical level or expression; higher
octave planets symbolize a higher or spiritual level of expression. See
also higher octave planets.
The Sun or Moon, called lights traditionally. See also
From the Latin, luna, the Moon; descriptive of or relating to the
lunation New Moon; Moon conjunct Sun.
Lunar Mansions From Hindu astrology, a twenty-eight-fold division of a horoscope
(twenty-eight mansions or houses) based upon the Moon's average daily motion.
Critical degrees are derived from a similar division of the zodiac. See
also critical degrees.
lunar period The time it takes the Moon to return to a particular point in the
zodiac; the Moon's zodiacal period, a little less than twenty-seven days, eight
hours. Also called a sidereal month and periodical lunation.
lunar return chart A chart cast for the time the Moon returns to the exact degree, minute,
and second it occupied at the moment of an individual's birth.
Lunation cycle The Moon's phases relative to the Sun as it moves from one new Moon
(Moon/sun conjunction) to the next; the time interval between two successive
lunations (new Moons), approximately twenty-nine and one-half days, a lunar
major planets Those whose orbits lie outside the Asteroid Belt; Jupiter, Saturn,
Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Also referred to as outer and event
An archaic term applied to planets and aspects whose influence was thought to be
negative or destructive. Traditionally, Saturn is the Greater Malefic; Mars, the
Lesser Malefic. Uranus, Neptune and Pluto were also classed as malefics. The
Square, opposition and other disharmonious aspects were once considered malefic
Mansions of the Moon, Moon
Mansions Synonymous with Lunar Mansions.
See Lunar Mansions.
masculine degrees Degrees that foster masculine attributes in both males and females when
occupied by the Ascendant or chart ruler. H.L. Cornell, M.D., specifies the
following as masculine degrees; 8°, 15° and 30° in Aries; 11°, 21° and 30° in
Taurus; 16° and 26° in Gemini; 2°, 10°, 23° and 30° in Cancer;5°, 15° and 30° in
Leo; 12° and 30° in Virgo; 5°, 20° and 30° in Libra; 4°, 17° and 30° in Scorpio;
2°, 12° and 30° in Sagittarius; 11° and 30° in Capricorn; 5°, 21° and 27° in
Aquarius; 10°, 23° and 30° in Pisces.
masculine signs The fire and air signs, Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and
Aquarius. They are suggestive of aggressiveness in contrast with the receptivity
expressed in feminine signs. Also called positive signs.
mean motion Average motion or rate of travel within a specified time
medical astrology The branch of astrology devoted to the study of the human body, disease
and health according to astrological symbolism portrayed in a
Medium Coeli From the Latin, literally middle of the heavens; the culminating
degree of the ecliptic, commonly called Midheaven, abbreviated MC. In an unequal
house system the MC, one of the angles of a horoscope, forms the cusp of the
A great circle, encircling Earth, that passes through the North and South Poles.
A line of longitude.
Metonic Cycle The nineteen-year cycle named for the Athenian astronomer Meton who
discovered (ca. 432) that the new Moon occurs on the same day of the year at
approximate nineteen-year intervals.
meteorological astrology (astro-meteorology)
The use of astrology for forecasting the
weather conditions, earthquakes, and severe storms. Also called natural
The most commonly used term for Medium Coeli, usually designated by the initials
M.C. See also Medium Coeli.
midnight ephemeris An ephemeris that lists astrological data exact at the beginning of the
day, 12:00 A.M. Also called zero hour ephemeris (12:00 A.M. = 00:00:00). See
A zodiacal point in a horoscope that is equidistant from two planets. Two
midpoints exist for each pair of planets. Aspects to a midpoint activate the two
planets involved. Interchangeable with half-sum. Midpoints are largely used by
cosmobiologists. See also cosmobiology.
the galaxy of which our solar system is a part. See also
minor planets Synonymous with inner planets; those planets whose orbits lie between
the Sun and Asteroid Belt. See inner planets.
movable signs An alternate term for cardinal signs. See cardinal
multiple conjunction A planetary arrangement in which three or more planets
form a series of conjunctions that may extend from one sign into another. A
member of a multiple conjunction is influenced by aspects to other members
(aspect by association) even if the orb is too wide to normally include that
planet. Also called a stellium. See also stellium.
mundane aspects Aspects by house rather than by degree. For example, a mundane sextile
from a planet on the cusp of the second house to one on the cusp of the fourth
might be less or more than the 60° required for a zodiacal sextile depending
upon the size of the houses.
mundane astrology That branch of astrology that deals with world events and universal
trends rather than the individual.
mutable signs Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces, all of which express
adaptability and flexibility to some degree. They are associated naturally with
cadent house; the third, sixth, ninth and twelfth, respectively. Synonymous with
mute signs the water signs; Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces, so-called because they are
traditionally depicted as mute creatures: the crab, the scorpion and the fish,
respectively. They are often associated with communication
mutilated degrees So designated because of the ancient belief that if the Ascendant,
chart ruler or Moon occupied any of these degrees, lameness was indicated.
Sometimes referred to as lame degrees, they are: 6°-10° Taurus, 9°-15° Cancer,
18°-28° Leo, 18°-19° Scorpio, 1°, 7°, 8°, 18° and 19° in Sagittarius, 26°-29°
Capricorn, and 18°-19° Aquarius.
mutual application Said of two planets moving toward each other, one direct and the other
mutual reception Two planets placed in each other's sign of essential dignity are in
mutual reception, "en rapport". Mutual reception provides a harmonious
link between planets not in aspect and strengthens the aspect if one
point in the celestial sphere directly opposite the zenith; the point directly
beneath an observer on Earth; the low point.
Naibod arc Mean daily motion of the sun, 59' 08"; used to progress a natal
horoscope by assuming one Naibod arc equals one year of life, according to the
method introduced by Johann Naibod, sixteenth century astrologer and
mathematician. See also solar arc.
traditional term that refers to a person for whom a horoscope is
natal astrology The branch of astrology dealing with the individual. the horoscope cast
for the birth time of the individual, showing life potentials, is called a natal
horoscope, geniture, radix, or nativity.
A natal horoscope.
natural astrology See Meteorological astrology.
natural chart A chart with 0° Aries on the cusp of the first house that shows the
natural horoscope position of signs. Also called a flat chart.
From Hindu astrology, a ninefold division of each sign into 3 1/3° segments,
each segment influenced by a sign of the zodiac. The first navamsa of Aries is
sub-ruled by Aries, the next by Taurus, and so on, continuing the natural order
of the zodiac through the ninth navamsa of Pisces, sub-ruled by Pisces. These
"signs within a sign" create variations in interpretation of different degrees
of a particular sign.
negative signs Earth and water signs; an alternate term used to describe "feminine"
characteristics of receptivity and passivity. See also feminine
new Moon Lunation; the beginning of a lunation cycle and of the waxing phase.
Moon conjunct Sun.
nocturnal From the Latin nocturnus, of night. Refers to the lower
(northern) hemisphere of a horoscope, the "night" section, that part of the
heavens that falls below Earth's horizon.
nocturnal arc The time expressed in right ascension that it takes a planet or degree
of the zodiac to move from its setting point on the horizon to its rising
nocturnal signs Signs whose natural positions are in the nocturnal or northern
hemisphere of a horoscope: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo and Virgo. Also
called northern signs.
nodal chart An equal house chart, which places the Moon's South Node at the
Ascendant, used primarily by medical astrologers to diagnose health problems. In
this context, the South Node and Ascendant represent the head, the North Node
and Decendant the feet, the lower hemisphere the right side of the body and the
upper hemisphere the left.
point of intersection of a planet's orbit and the ecliptic.
nonagesimal The point 90° from the Ascendant. The highest point of the ecliptic
above the horizon.
ninth harmonic aspect based on division of 360° by 9 (40°). A minor aspect, the
nonile is seldom used by modern astrologers. It was once given a fatalistic
Literally new star; applied to stars that suddenly appear with great
brilliance then fade; an exploding star.
oblique ascension A measurement determined by the angle (ascensional difference) between
the point on the celestial equator rising with a planet rising at a point not at
oblique desension The angular complement of oblique ascension; i.e., 180° minus the
oblique ascension arc.
obliquity of the ecliptic The angle between the plane of the ecliptic and the plane
of the equator. It now measures about 23°27', and is decreasing at the rate of
one minute in 128 years.
occidental Literally western; said of a planet that rises and sets after the
occidental houses Correctly, houses that lie in the western (occidental) portion of a
horoscope, houses four through nine. Sometimes used to describe first and third
quadrant houses (one, two, three, seven, eight and nine), those houses that are
moving away from the vertical axis toward the horizon (in a clockwise direction
in a horoscope).
occultation From the Latin occultatio, a hiding; an eclipse of a planet. The
term eclipse is usually applied to an occultation that hides the Sun or Moon
from Earth's view; occultation describes eclipses that obstruct Earth's view of
planets other than the Sun or Moon. The eclipsing planet is emphasized over the
occulted (hidden) planet in interpreting the accompanying conjunction between
the two planets forming an occultation.
opposition A second harmonic aspect, separating distance 180°. a major hard
aspect, the opposition creates awareness, attraction and antagonism between the
planets in polarity.
number of degrees by which an aspect may vary from partile (exactness) and
path a heavenly body follows as it travels around another stellar
Literally eastern; said of a planet that rises and sets before the Sun.
The oriental planet, called the leading planet, is the one that will rise
immediately before the Sun; i.e., the planet that directly precedes the Sun
clockwise (behind the Sun in the natural order of the zodiac).
oriental houses Houses that lie in the eastern (oriental) hemisphere of a horoscope,
houses one, two, three, ten, eleven, and twelve. Sometimes used to describe
those houses moving away (clockwise) from the horizon (Ascendant-Decendant axis)
and toward the vertical axis (meridian axis, MC-IC axis), the second and fourth
quadrant houses, namely houses four, five, six, ten, eleven and
outer houses Those planets whose orbits fall outside the Asteroid Belt; also called
major planets because of their larger orbits. See also major
Pallas, Pallas Athena The second asteroid discovered in the early nineteenth
century, named after the Greek goddess of war, wisdom and
The angular relationship between two planets that occupy the same degree (within
1° orb) and direction of declination, both north or both south. Interpretational
emphasis is similar to that of a weak conjunction. See also
The degree at which an aspect is precisely exact (0° orb). An aspect that is
within 1° orb is said to be exact but not partile.
Part of Fortune The Arabian Part most commonly used by western astrologers. Calculated
by subtracting the Sun's position from the sum of the Ascendant's and Moon's
positions, the degree occupied by the Part of Fortune symbolizes good fortune.
Also called Fortuna and Pars Fortunæ. See also Fortuna, Arabian
Literally partial shadow; the partially lighted area around any
completely darkened area (umbra) of full shadow.
penumbral eclipse The term applied when the Moon passes through Earth's penumbra; the
shadow does not obliterate the Moon form Earth's view but causes it to appear
orangish or copper-colored.
From the Latin peregrinus, foreigner. Said of a planet that does not
occupy a sign of essential dignity or debilitation and is not in mutual
reception with any other planet. A peregrine planet is said to drift aimlessly
and lack standing in the horoscope; its action depends upon planets with which
it is aspected.
The point of orbit at which a planet is closest to Earth.
perihelion The point in a planet's orbit that lies closest to the Sun.
periodical lunation Term applied to the transiting Moon's monthly return to
the exact position occupied in a natal horoscope. See also lunar
of the stages of variation in appearance or illumination of a planet; used most
commonly to describe the various stages in the Moon's cycle. See also
lunation cycle, waning phase, waxing phase.
Placidean houses The house system devised by the Spanish monk, Placidus de Tito
(seventeenth century). Placidus' system, still widely used today, is based on
the trisection of nocturnal and diurnal semi-arcs. The time it takes from each
degree of the ecliptic to rise from the lower meridian to the horizon (nocturnal
semi-arc) and to rise from the horizon to the upper meridian (diurnal semi-arc)
is adapted to space.
planet From the Greek planetes, wanderer; used astrologically to
describe any heavenly body which when viewed from Earth appears to move, as
distinguished from fixed stars.
planetary hours A system devised by ancient astrologers that assigned one of the seven
planets then known to each hour of the day. The first hour of sunrise was ruled
by the planetary day ruler (Sunday, Sun; Monday, Moon; Tuesday, Mars; Wednesday,
Mercury; Thursday, Jupiter; Friday, Venus; Saturday, Saturn) and each hour
thereafter governed by the next faster moving planet in rotation from Saturn to
Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury, Moon and back to Saturn throughout the
twenty-four-hour period. Planetary energy was thought to be focused during the
days and hours associated with a planet.
planetary node The point at which a planet's path intersects the ecliptic;
declination, 0°. The term is usually reserved for nodes other than the Moon's
planetary patterns Used interchangeably with shaping. Sometimes equated with aspect
patterns. See also shaping, Bowl, Bucket, Bundle, Locomotive, See-Saw,
platic Term used to describe any aspect that is not exact (within 1° orb) but
within allowable orb.
Greek 429-355 B.C., studied in Egypt and elsewhere, pupil of Socrates, fellow
student of Euclid, follower of Pythagoras. His contribution to Astrology was
setting the problem of representing courses of the planets by circular and
A group of fixed stars in the constellation Taurus. They are called the "Weeping
Sisters" because, according to Greek mythology, seven sisters, Alcyone, Merope,
Celæno, Taygeta, Maia, Electra and Sterope, daughters of Atlas and the nymph
Pleione, killed themselves for grief when Atlas was transformed into a mountain.
According to a different version, Jupiter transformed the sisters into stars so
they could escape the attentions of Orion. The largest star in the group is
Alcyone at about 29° Taurus.
polarity The contrasting and complementary qualities shown by signs opposite each
other in the zodiac.
pole Either end of the axis of any sphere such as the Earth, the celestial
Philosopher (233-304 A.D.) of the Neo-Platonic school who devised a house system
based on dividing each quadrant of a horoscope, as determined by the angles,
into three houses of equal size.
The eighth symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also Uranian
positive signs All air and fire signs; used to describe the outgoing, dynamic
qualities characteristic of these signs. Also called masculine signs. See
also Masculine signs.
precession The circular motion of Earth's axis around the pole of the ecliptic,
caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon on the bulging part of the
equator. One complete revolution takes approximately twenty-five thousand years
precession of the equinoxes The gradual westward shift (about 50" each year) of the
equinoctial points along the ecliptic due to the ecliptic due to the rotational
movement of the poles of Earth's axis. This phenomena creates an increasing
difference in the tropical (based upon the ecliptic and the Sun's ingress into
the sing Aries) and the sidereal zodiacs (based upon constellations) or about
50" each year. See also ayanamsa, equinox, precession, Tropical zodiac,
prenatal epoch The astrological moment of conception. According to Ptolemy, the natal
Ascendant or Descendant coincides with the Moon's zodiacal position at the
prenatal epoch, ten lunar months prior to birth, more or less; used primarily in
primary directions Originally, a mathematically complicated system of progressing a
horoscope based upon the diurnal rotation of the Earth. The term is now loosely
applied to any method of advancing house cusps, but usually does not include
prime meridian The great circle that passes through Earth's poles and Greenwich,
England (0° longitude), from which longitude is measured east and west. See
also longitude, geographical or terrestrial.
prime vertical The great circle that rises vertically from the east point of the
horizon and passes through Earth's zenith and nadir.
progressions The general term applied to any method of advancing the planets and
house cusps of a natal horoscope to a particular time after birth.
The slower moving of two planets in aspect; the receiver of an
Ptolemy, Claudius A great astrologer, astronomer and geographer of the second century
(ca. 100-178 A.D.) who developed the theory that Earth is the motionless center
of the universe about which the planets, sun and Moon revolve. Ptolemy's work,
recorded in his Tetrabiblos, was based in part upon the earlier works of
Hipparchus (ca. 190-120 B.C.), who catalogued the known stars and, through his
observations, discovered Precession of the Equinoxes. The Ptolmaic theory was
widely accepted until replaced by the Copernican theory, put forth in the
sixteenth century, which states that Earth is a moving planet, thus laying the
foundation for later discoveries.
Pythagoras Greek 569-470 B.C., studied in Egypt. Left nothing in writing but is
supposed to said that the Earth, Moon and planets and fixed stars revolved round
the Sun. Copernicus in the sixteenth century claimed him as the originator of
the system which he revived.
One of the four sections of a horoscope, each bounded by two angles not opposite
quadrate, quartile Synonymous with square. See Square.
quadrupedian signs Alternate term for bestial signs. See bestial signs.
quadruplicity One of the three qualitative groups (cardinal, fixed, mutable) in which
each of the four member signs share a common mode of expression.
A minor hard aspect, separating distance 150°, the fifth multiple of the twelfth
harmonic (30°, semi-sextile). Interpretation focuses on adjustmental needs. Also
called an inconjunct.
quindecile A minor easy aspect, the fifteenth harmonic, 24°.
The fifth harmonic, 72°, a minor easy aspect.
Having to do with the natal horoscope.
radical chart The natal horoscope. In horary astrology, the term radical applies to a
chart deemed readable by virtue of the Ascendant being greater than 3° and less
than 27° in any sign.
radical position The position a planet occupies in a natal horoscope.
radix From the Latin, literally root. A natal horoscope.
rapport measurement From the French, literally related measurement;
applied to progressions based on advancing a planet's natal position one degree
for each year after birth.
reception Shortened form of mutual reception. See mutual
rectification The correcting of an inexact birthtime or the determining of an unknown
birthtime through astrological methods.
refranation The failure of an applying aspect to culminate, when the significator
turns retrograde before reaching partile.
Regiomontanus The German astrologer (fifteenth century) who devised the house system
that bears his name. This system is based upon twelve equal divisions along
Earth's equator projected upon the ecliptic.
relative houses House three, seven, and eleven, ruled naturally by air signs. Function
focuses on human relationships. As a group, these houses form the Trinity of
retrograde application Term used in reference to a retrograde planet which,
because of its retrograde motion, applies to an aspect with another planet. If
both planets are moving toward each other, the term mutual application is
retrograde motion The apparent backward motion of a planet when it appears, as observed
from Earth, to reverse its natural direction of travel and move backward in the
revolution One complete orbit or cycle. In a natal chart, a planet's return to its
natal degree upon completing a circuit of the map.
right ascension Measurement along the celestial equator eastward from 0° Aries that
describes planetary positions in terms of degrees, minutes and seconds, not
zodiacal signs. Sidereal time expressed in unit of arc.
rising planet Any planet that is near the Ascendant in the natal horoscope. Rising
planets will have a significant influence on the personality.
rising sign Synonymous with Ascendant. See Ascendant.
ruling planet The ruling planet of the horoscope is that planet said to "rule" the
Ascending sign. Likewise, planets are said to rule the various houses in the
chart based on the sign on the cusp of the respect houses. The planetary ruler
of the signs are: Aries, Mars; Taurus and Libra, Venus; Gemini and Virgo,
Mercury; Cancer, the Moon; Leo, the Sun; Scorpio, Pluto; Sagittarius, Jupiter;
Capricorn, Saturn; Aquarius, Uranus; Pisces, Neptune.
ruminant signs an obsolete term applied to signs symbolized by cud-chewing animals,
namely, Aries (ram), Taurus (bull), and Capricorn (goat).
Sabian symbols A system developed by Elsie Wheeler (psychically), Marc Edmund Jones
and Dane Rudhyar that assigns an occult or esoteric meaning to each degree of
Saros cycle The eighteen-year (approximate) cycle, containing an average of
forty-one solar eclipses and twenty-nine lunar eclipses, in which an eclipse
from each current Saros Series appears.
satellitium A little-used term synonymous with stellium. See also multiple
secondary progressions, secondary directions
The method of progressing a natal
horoscope in which each day after birth is equated to a corresponding number of
years after birth; commonly referred to as "day for a year"
The shaping arrangement in which, according to Marc Edmund Jones, the planets
form tow distinct groups roughly opposite each other in a horoscope; symbolizing
balance or the need to seek balance as a strong motivating factor.
semi-decile The twentieth harmonic, 18°; interpreted as a weak minor easy aspect.
Also called a vigintile.
semi-quintile See decile.
semi-sextile One of the more influential minor easy aspects, the twelfth harmonic,
semi-square The eighth harmonic, 45°; an important minor hard aspect in which
planetary energies do not merge harmoniously but produce friction.
separating aspect One in which the significator (faster moving planet of the two in
aspect) is moving away from partile (the degree at which the aspect is
The seventh harmonic, 51 3/7°. A little-used minor aspect, probably
inharmonious, thought to be associated with karma.
sesquiquadrate, sesqui-square A multiple of the semi-square, and eighth harmonic aspect.
A minor hard aspect, separating distance 135°, its influence is
sesquiquintile See tredecile.
The sixth harmonic, 60°; a major easy aspect considered beneficial and
Descriptive of the visual arrangement of planets in a horoscope. Marc Edmund
Jones identified seven different patterns: the Bowl, Bucket, Bundle, Locomotive,
See-Saw, Splash and Splay. Each shaping type is linked to specific astrological
conditions and a particular interpretational focus. See individual listings.
shaping is also referred to as planetary pictures and planetary patterns. See
also planetary patterns.
short ascension Refers to the six signs that take less time than the other six to rise
above the horizon, namely, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Capricorn, Aquarius and
Pisces; the spring and winter signs in the northern hemisphere. See also
sidereal astrology An astrological system based upon the constellations, not the tropical
sidereal day Twenty-four sidereal hours equal to 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4 seconds
of clock time.
sidereal time Time measured in relation to fixed stars, as distinguished from clock
time, based upon the Sun's position relative to Earth. Astrological time data is
listed in sidereal time units.
sidereal zodiac Based on the division of the circle of twelve constellations: Aries,
Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn,
Aquarius and Pisces; the basis for sidereal astrology.
significator The faster moving of two planets in aspect; the significator is said to
aspect the slower moving planet (promittor). Also used in reference to the
planetary ruler of a house, matter, object or person. See also
A planet that is the sole occupant of the horoscope hemisphere in which it is
placed; said to give balance to a horoscope that has nine planets in the other
hemisphere. See also Bucket.
twelve divisions of the zodiac: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo,
Libra, Scorpio, sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.
sinister aspect From the Latin sinister, left or left hand; a term replaced by
modern astrologers with departing aspect, which refers to aspects in which the
direction from significator to promittor is backward in the zodiac, clockwise in
a horoscope. See also departing aspect.
slow of course Term used to describe a planet's motion when its rate of travel is less
than its mean daily motion.
From the Latin sol, the Sun; refers to the Sun.
solar chart A horoscope that is set up with the placement of the Sun positioned at
the Ascendant. This type of chart is sometimes used with the hour of birth is
The distance the Sun travels from birth position to its secondary progressed
position. A system of progressions adds the soar arc at a given year to the
natal positions of house cusps and/or planets. A similar method based on the
mean solar arc multiplies 59'08" (Naibod arc, Sun's mean daily motion) by the
individual's age in years to determine the proper increment to add to natal
solar eclipse See eclipse.
solar return, solar revolution A horoscope erected for the exact time in a given year
when the transiting Sun reaches the same position it held in the natal
horoscope; used to project conditions for the year of interest.
Either of two points on the ecliptic at which the Sun reaches it farthest point
north (0° Cancer) or south (0° Capricorn) of the equator. The longest day of the
occurs at summer solstice (first day of summer) as the Sun moves at its slowest
rate; the winter solstice marks the shortest day of the year as the Sun reaches
its fastest rate of travel.
planetary arrangement described by Marc Edmund Jones in which the planets are
fairly evenly distributed around the horoscope. This dispersion of planets
suggests dispersion of interests.
planetary arrangement identified by lack of symmetry and irregularly spaced
planets and groups of planets as described by Marc Edmund Jones; symbolic of
individualism and nonconformity.
Fourth harmonic, 90°. A major hard aspect, the square generates tension and
stirs action. Also called a quadrate, quartile or tetragon.
planet is said to "make a station" at the degree it occupies when it appears
motionless as its direction changes from direct to retrograde or vise
stationary, stationary motion Term used to describe apparent lack of motion when a
planet's direction of travel changes from direct (forward in the zodiac) to
retrograde (backward in the zodiac) or vice versa. Planetary energy, focused at
the stationary position, is considered strong in a horoscope when a planet is
stellium A multiple conjunction that occurs within one sign or house, indicating
a focal point of energy or interest. Also called a satellitium. the term may
include multiple conjunctions that occupy more than one sign. See also
succedent houses From the Latin succedere, to follow; houses two, five, eight and
eleven, which follow the angular houses. Also called the fixed houses, being
ruled naturally by the fixed signs: Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius. The mode
of action associated with these houses reflects fixed qualities of steadiness
superior planets Planets whose orbits are larger than Earth's. The term is sometimes
restricted to the three outermost planets: Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
swift in motion Said of a planet whose rate of travel is greater than its mean daily
synastry The astrological technique of comparing natal horoscopes to gain insight
into the strengths and weaknesses inherent in the relationship that exists
between the individuals involved. See also composite chart.
The art of combining the various factors revealed in a horoscope and building a
balanced judgment of the chart as a whole.
From the Latin, yoked together; refers to points at which a planet
conjuncts or opposes the Sun; usually used in reference to those Sun/Moon
conjunctions and oppositions that are eclipse events.
Table of Houses An astrological reference table, correlated with a particular house
system, which lists the zodiacal positions of house cusps at various latitudes
according to sidereal time.
temporal houses House two, six and ten, ruled by earth signs; symbolic of the material
aspects life. As a group they form the Trinity of Wealth.
terrestrial Of the Earth, Earth-related.
terminal houses Those houses ruled naturally by water signs: four, eight and twelve.
They pertain to endings and results and symbolize occult interests.
Collectively, they are known as the Trinity of Psychism.
Tetrabiblos Ptolemy's four-volume treatise on astrology (second century). See
also Ptolemy, Claudius.
An alternate term for the square aspect. See square.
Thales 639-546 B.C., studied in Egypt and left nother in writing, but is said
to have predicted an eclips which caused much alarm and ended the battle between
the Medes and Lydians.
transit The position and movement of a planet on a given day; used in reference
to planets that pass over or aspect a natal planet or cross a natal
translation of light A term used in horary astrology to describe the activity
of a planet that applies in aspect, in turn, to two other planets that are
separating from a mutual aspect, thereby translating "light" or energy and
symbolically reuniting the planetes and the matters they represent.
tredecile, trecile A minor easy aspect belonging to the tenth harmonic (decile) group;
separating distance 108°. Also called a sesquiquintile.
The three member signs of a triplicity. Also used as an alternate term for grand
trine. See also grand trine, triplicity.
third harmonic, 120°; the most influential major easy aspect. The trine blends
planetary energies, harmoniously indicating ease of expression.
triplicity A group of three signs belonging to the same element: fire (Aries, Leo,
Sagittarius); earth (Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn); air (Gemini, Libra, Aquarius);
and water (Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces). The members of a triplicity lie 120° apart
in the zodiac, forming a trigonal and harmonious relationship with each
tri-septile A seldom-used minor aspect, probably inharmonious, belonging to the
septile (seventh harmonic) family; separating distance, 154°17'.
tropical signs Cancer and Capricorn; so-called because they occupy parts of the
ecliptic where the Sun reaches its farthest point north (Tropic of Cancer) and
south (Tropic of Capricorn). the Sun's ingress into these signs marks the summer
and winter solstices respectively. See also solstice.
tropical zodiac The circle of signs that follows the apparent path of the Sun
(ecliptic). also called the movable zodiac because it shifts slightly each year
relative to the constellations of the sidereal zodiac. See also
Precession of the Equinoxes.
The aspect pattern formed when two planets in opposition both square the same
third planet, which acts as a focal point for planetary energies.
under the Sunbeams Said of a planet that is within 17° of the Sun but out of
universal time Greenwich Mean Time.
Uranian astrology A school of astrology, founded by Alfred Witte in Hamburg, Germany,
which relies heavily upon the interpretational emphasis of midpoints. In
addition to traditional astrological elements, it includes as symbolic
indicators eight hypothetical planets: Cupido, Hades, Zeus, Kronos, Apollon,
Admetos, Vulkanus and Poseidon.
From the Latin vernus, belonging to spring; of or pertaining to spring.
See also equinox.
The point found in the western section of a horoscope that indicates the
intersection of the ecliptic and prime vertical, called the "third angle of a
horoscope". This point and its opposite, the Anti-Vertex, are sensitive degrees
in a natal horoscope associated with fate and wish fulfillment.
fourth asteroid of astrological interest discovered in the early nineteenth
century. Named after the virgin fire goddess (Roman), its symbolic influence is
Via Combusta Literally fiery way; refers to a section of fixed stars that
falls between 15° Libra and 15° Scorpio. Used primarily in horary astrology as
an indication of unfortunate or ineffectual situations.
Alternate term for semi-decile. See semi-decile.
vocational astrology That branch of astrology devoted to career counseling in
terms of the aptitudes and needs shown in the natal horoscope.
void-of-course A term describing a planet that does not apply to a major aspect until
it changes sign, usually confined to reference to the Moon. In horary astrology,
a void-of-course Moon indicates lack of action or dynamics.
hypothetical planet whose orbit is said to lie between Mercury and the Sun,
about twelve million miles from the Sun. Astronomers have no evidence of this
planet as yet.
Vulkanus The seventh symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also
That phase of the lunation cycle from full Moon (Sun/Moon opposition) to new
Moon (Sun/Moon conjunction) during which the visible portion of the Moon
water signs Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces, members of the water triplicity that
symbolize receptivity, sensitivity and emotional depth.
The name used for daylight saving time during periods of war. See also
daylight saving time.
The phase of the lunation cycle from new Moon (Sun/Moon conjunction) to full
(Sun/Moon opposition) during which the Moon appears to grow larger, increasing
aspect configuration in which two planets in sextile both form a quincunx
(inconjunct) with the same third planet; it is given a karmic connotation.
Sometimes called the Finger of God. See also Finger of God.
The point in the celestial sphere directly overhead; opposite the nadir. the
zenith and nadir are the poles of the horizon.
third symbolic planet used in Uranian astrology. See also Uranian
From the Greek zodiakos, literally circle of animals. See also
tropical zodiac, sidereal zodiac.
zodiacal aspects Aspects based upon planets' zodiacal longitude as distinguished from
parallels and contaparallels, which depend upon declination.